Bio Materials and Bio Sensors

Biomaterials are non-viable materials that can be implanted to replace or repair missing tissue. They may be of natural origin or synthesized in a laboratory. When used in a medical application, biomaterials can be implanted to replace or repair missing tissue. Biomaterials, such as bone substitutes and collagen membranes, are used regularly in regenerative dentistry as well as for bone and cartilage regeneration in orthopaedics. The introduction of biosensors has emerged since it provides a miniaturized approach to solve the problems related to sensitivity, rapidity, selectivity, and high cost which the ELISA or the previously used genomic and proteomic-based conventional methodologies involved. A major advantage of a biosensor is to reduce the complexities faced by a common man offering them a point-of-care medical device for personalised diagnosis.